Archivos de la categoría Frontiers/ fronteras

Las fronteras sociales como factor central determinante de los procesos de identificación de las diferencias en la experiencia social/ the social frontiers as main factor of the identification processes of the differences during social experience

Answer to B. Milanovic (The welfare state in the age of globalization)

Answer to the post of Branko Milanovic

Title: The welfare state in the age of globalization

(Published: Sunday, March 26, 2017,  )

 

Dear Branko:
You are a great economist. But you aren´t a good sociologist. Due to it, your proposal has several troubles.

I agree that the Welfare state need mass participation. But, you must think about some thinks or assumptions of your reflexions.
For example:
1- you think that Immigrants are a rational choice people, they are so good informed than you, and, they can choose what country they want.
NO, dear: The most of them can´t do it. They need to scape of a horrible situation without expectative of life for him and for her/his family or community.
2- You think: People are “competitive” or “adaptive” and everyone want the best for him/her without to think about other.
No, the most of them are a part of a community or a family. They are the hope of them. They want to migrant because want to help them (today or with a future).

Figure 1: In Krakow: Breaking down

3- You think that the affinities are “natural” or “essential” and the “homogeneity” can be real. But the Nature, and the homogeneity are a built consciousness. They are a social representation. The identities are flexible and changeable. Depend on our experience, ideals, ideologies and, indeed, the social configuration of where and when we lives.
4- You think that we are only “members” of social groups or social class. But WE CAN BE SUBJECTS AND CAN UNDERSTAND THAT YOU AND HIM/HER ARE BE SUBJECTS.
5- You think that the States  need to compete with other. They are as FIRMS. But this is a part of the modern Capitalism system. The alternative is to think a system where States are part of a administrative global system of representation and organization that search the best for everyone without exclude anyone.
6- You think that you are “objective” and “realistic” but you are “white”, “rich class”, a huge professional that look the recent past.
7- you think that I am “idealistic” and “…” but I am “white”, “middle class”, a professional that look the ancient time and the future.

The solution is not to reduce the Welfare state. Is TO BUILD A NEW CITIZENSHIPS without barriers, without WALLS here. And, then we can build a new Welfare World, new welfare regions cities, a new welfare system.

Figure 2: In Leganes: Demostration

But, today, we need, first, to dream.
Sincerely,
Juan_Jose Villalon
UNED, Spain
Twiter: @JuanJvillalon
Facebook: Juanj Villalon

Conferencia Jueves, 19 de noviembre, Donostia

“Entre fronteras, redes y jerarquías: A hombros de Touraine” o “De Gusanos, abejas y mariposas”

Conferencia en Donostia, 19 de noviembre, a las 19:00.

Por: Juan José Villalón Ogáyar

Hoy, la cuestión de la diferencia se presenta ante nuestros ojos como uno de los retos más inquietantes de nuestra época y más difíciles de resolver. Los atentados recientes de París son una muestra más de la quiebra del sistema mundial que hemos creado. Al igual que lo son los actos de violencia machista o los ataques contra las personas sin hogar, los homosexuales, los extranjeros o contra los musulmanes y judíos que ocurren en nuestras ciudades europeas, o el abandono de ancianos en sus casas hasta su muerte, o de niños que son abandonados en su más tierna infancia.

Cualquiera de nosotros podríamos hablar de momentos o situaciones en las que las diferencias ideológicas, religiosas, de idioma, de género, de edad o de simples gustos y aficiones nos han separado de alguien, aún que podíamos apreciar. Yo, en lo que me he fijado, es que mayormente, esas situaciones de separación no llevan a la violencia, sino que hemos desarrollado mecanismos para seguir viviendo en sociedad. Esos mecanismos están socializados, son aprendidos por los individuos y éstos los reproducen en gran medida.

Si bien, parece que los instrumentos culturales que hoy tenemos para solucionar esas situaciones no funcionan como quisiéramos. De ahí nuestro escándalo ante esas numerosas situaciones en las que se explicita la quiebra de la convivencia segando a vida de otro. Parece que las tendencias históricas como la GLOBALIZACIÓN y la INDIVIDUALIZACIÓN han cambiado de tal modo nuestras vidas que aquellos instrumentos han dejado de servir.